# RIKEN Lunch Seminar

## "Lefschetz-thimble path integral for studying the sign problem and Silver Blaze phenomenon"

#### Presented by Yuya Tanizaki, RBRC

Thursday, May 26, 2016, 12:30 pm — Building 510, Room 2-160

Recently, Picard-Lefschetz theory gets much attention in the context of the sign problem, because it enables us to study the system with the complex classical action nonperturbatively by employing the semiclassical analysis. In this seminar, after its brief introduction, I will apply it to the one-site Hubbard model. This model has a severe sign problem, which looks quite similar to that of the finite-density QCD at low temperatures. By solving this model using the Lefschetz-thimble path integral, we are trying to understand the structure of the sign problem of finite-density QCD. Especially, I give a qualitative picture (or speculation) about the early-onset problem of the baryon number density, called the baryon Silver Blaze problem. The complex Langevin method will also be discussed if time allows.

Hosted by: Hiroshi Ohki

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